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Read about information on smallest Indian state in terms of population.

State with Lowest Population in India

Sikkim with a population of 540,851 (according to 2001 census) is the state with lowest population in India. Sikkim is also the second-smallest state in area after Goa. Till 1975, Sikkim was an independent state ruled by the Namgyal Chogyals. In 1975, Sikkim was merged with India following a referendum in which the people of Sikkim chose union with India. Gangtok is the capital and the largest town of Sikkim. The official languages of Sikkim are English, Bhutia, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu and Hindi. Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism are the predominant religions of Sikkim. The majority of Sikkim's residents are of Nepali ethnic-national origin who came to the province in the 19th century. The native Sikkimese consist of the Bhutias, who migrated from the Kham district of Tibet in the 14th century, and the Lepchas who are believed to have migrated from the far east.

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