First Viceroy of India
Lord Canning was the first Viceroy of India. The
title of Viceroy was created in 1858 after the mutiny of 1857. Before
1858, East India Company was ruling large parts of India and the head of
administration of the East India Company was called Governor General.
This office was created in 1773. The title Governor General had
administrative control over the British Provinces of India (Punjab,
Bengal, Bombay, Madras, United Provinces etc.). After the mutiny of
1857, the British Government took control of the administration from
East India Company. To reflect the Governor General's role as
representative from the monarch, the term Viceroy of India was applied
to him. The title remained in existence from 1858 till 1947. Lord Caning
was Governor General of India from 1856 to 1858 and Viceroy of India
from 1858 to 1862.