Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was the first female Indian Cabinet Minister. She was part of Jawaharlal Nehru's first Cabinet. She was assigned the Ministry of Health and continued to be the Health Minister of India until 1957. As the Health Minister, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was the moving force behind the conceptualization and building of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi.
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was born on 2nd February 1889 in the princely
family of Kapurthala. She received her higher education in England. On
her return to India she came in touch with Gopal Krishna Gokhale and
later with Mahatma Gandhi. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur actively participated in
freedom struggle. She was also the first woman member of Hindustani
Talimi Sangh. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur died on 2nd October 1964.