First Nuclear Power Plant in India
Tarapur Atomic Power Station (T.AP.S.) was the first
nuclear power plant in India. The construction of the plant was started
in 1962 and the plant went operational in 1969. The 320 MW Tarapur
nuclear power station housed two 160 MW boiling water reactors (BWRs),
the first in Asia. The Tarapur Plant was originally constructed by the
American companies Bechtel and GE, under a 1963 123 Agreement between
India, the United States, and the IAEA. The Tarapur Atomic Power Station
is under the control of Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited.
Recently, two 540 MW pressurised heavy water reactors (PHWRs) were
operationalised at Tarapur. The new reactors were constructed by L &
T and Gammon India. Tarapur Nuclear Power Station is the largest
PHWR-based power station in India.