First Satellite Launched by India
Aryabhatta was the first satellite launched by India.
It was named after the great Indian astronomer of the same name.
Aryabhatta weighed 360kg and was launched by the Soviet Union on April
19, 1975 from Kapustin Yar using a Cosmos-3M launch vehicle.
The satellite had following objectives:
- To indigenously design and fabricate a space-worthy satellite
system and evaluate its perfromance in orbit.
- To evolve the methodology of conducting a series of complex
operations on the satellite in its orbital phase.
- To set up ground-based receiving, transmitting and tracking
- To establish infrastructure for the fabrication of spacecraft
Aryabhatta carried experiments related to X-Ray
Astronomy, Solar Physics and Aeronomy. The satellite re-entered the
Earth's atmosphere on 11 February 1992.