The Hindu Goddess Durga, who is portrayed as having ten arms, is believed to have nine different forms. On one hand, where we get to see her in the form of a gracious woman, who symbolizes the female dynamism, then on the other hand, she is given a terrifying look of a destroyer that is apt to frighten the demons. Read further to know the different names of Goddess Durga.
Different Forms of Goddess Durga
Durga Shailputri (Daughter of Mountain)
As Durga Shailputri, Maa Durga is worshipped as the daughter of the
mountain Himalaya. People are of the say that, in the previous birth,
Durga was the daughter of a man named Daksha. She was called by the name
Sati. Once it happened that, Daksha conducted a large scale yagna, in
which he invited all except for Shiva. But Sati was stubborn to meet
Lord Shiva. Daksha then insulted Shiva, which Sati could not tolerate
and as a result, she burnt herself. In the next birth, she became the
daughter of the mountain Himalaya. Her name in this birth was Parvati
and she got married to Lord Shiva, whom she had always worshipped.
Brahmacharini is the second form of Durga. As Brahmacharini, she is
portrayed as having rosary in her right hand and Kamandal in the left
one. Once it happened that, Parvatiji was playing along with her friends
and Naradji came and saw the lines on her palm and said that, she will
get married to Bhole baba. He also said that, she is required to perform
penance for him. Acting upon the advice of Naradji, Parvati told her
mother Menaka that, she would only marry Bhole Nath or else she won't
marry. Thereafter, she followed the advice of Naradji and went to
observe penance. It is owing to this reason that, she is known as
In the form of Chandraghanta, she is portrayed as having a half moon on
her forehead. She is shown as a beautiful woman with golden hair. A
symbol of bravery, she is portrayed as having ten hands holding
different kinds of weapons in each. This image of Durga is meant to
frighten people having evil minds.
In the form of Kushmanda, she is shown as a charming woman riding a
lion. She has been given the name "Kushmanda", as she really
likes the offerings of "Kumhde."
After having observed penance, when Parvatiji got married to Lord
Shiva, she gave birth to a child named Skanda. Skanda is the head of the
army of Gods. As Skanda Mata, Durga is worshipped as the Goddess of
fire. She is shown sitting on the lotus with her son Skanda seated on
People are of the belief that, the son of Kat named Katyayan had
observed penance so as to get Paramba as his daughter. When Durga was
born to Rishi Katyayan in the form of Paramba, she was given the name "Katyayani".
Kalratri is the seventh form of Goddess Durga. As Kalratri, she is
portrayed as dark as night. The necklace that she is wearing shines in a
manner resembling the lightening. She has three round eyes. Flames of
fire are shown coming out of her nose. She takes a ride on the Shava, as
in dead body. In her right hand, she is holding a sharp sword. By her
scary look, she frightens the demons.
The eighth form of Durga is "Maha Gauri." She is portrayed as
an eight year old girl, who is wearing clean white clothes. She is shown
as taking a ride on the bull. She has got three eyes and four hands.
There is a trishul in her left hand. People are of the say that, when
her body gets dirty due to the dust around, Lord Shiva cleans it with
the holy water of Ganga. After that, she looks bright and charming.
The ninth and the last form of Durga is Siddhidatri. In totality, there
are eight siddhis, namely Mahima, Prapti, Prakamya, Garima, Anima,
Laghima, Iishitva & Vashitva. It is said that Lord Shiva had derived
all these Siddhis by worshipping Maha Shakti. In this form, the Goddess
is portrayed as having four hands.